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How to replace a steering gear box

Discussion in 'Stock 1991 - 1994 Explorers' started by davidhicks16, December 22, 2010.

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    1. davidhicks16

      davidhicks16 Active Member

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      City, State:
      oreana il
      Year and Model:
      94 xlt
      This is my how to on a steering gear box replacement.
      First: Position your truck on level ground with you wheels and steering wheel centered and lock your steering wheel

      Second: Lift the drivers side of the vehicle and remove the wheel
      Third: Flip the plastic cover off your steering shaft, this will give you access to the set screw that hold the steering shaft to the box.

      Fourth: Remove the set screw ( It will fight you a little cause its covered in lock tight

      Fifth: Remove the 2 fluid lines. I used a crows foot with a 2ft extension.

      Sixth: Remove the pitman arm. (you will need to rent a puller for this)

      Seventh: Remove the 3 bolts from the outside of the frame rail( I left the bolts hanging from the frame. It makes it easier to get restarted)

      Eighth: Now you can pull the gear box free from the steering shaft.

      Ninth: Pull the plastic caps out your new gear box. Wrap the steering shaft end with a rag and use pliers to turn the box to full lock. Now you turn the box all the way to full lock in the other direction, COUNT THE FULL TURNS! Now you know the full turns it can make take it halfway back and it will be centered.

      Tenth: Push the gear box back on the steering shaft and put the set screw back in.

      Eleventh: Put the three bolts from the frame back in the box.

      Twelfth: Put the pitman arm back up on the box.

      Thirteenth: Put the fluid lines back on snap the plastic shaft cover back on fill with fluid and you should be good to go.
       
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    3. FIND

      FIND Well-Known Member

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      Year and Model:
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      I should have taken pictures when I did my dad's steering box.
       
    4. red.EDDIE.4x4

      red.EDDIE.4x4 Active Member

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      Year and Model:
      '93 Eddie Bauer 4x4
      is there a need to "bleed" the steering box/pump?
       
    5. davidhicks16

      davidhicks16 Active Member

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      City, State:
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      When you center the box it spits all the machine oil out. Also after you fill the power steering fluid up leave the cap off slowly turn the wheel from lock to lock and that will work any air out.
       
    6. DR_APLET

      DR_APLET Member

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      City, State:
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      Year and Model:
      91
      How do i know if its bad? i have a little slop in mine. is there a definitive test? i am leaking fluid but i think its my pump.
       
    7. smegun

      smegun Active Member

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      City, State:
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      Year and Model:
      1994 ford explorer xlt
      replaced my power steering unit but i can still hear growling wondering if i got a clog in the steering box to cause excessive action against the power steer unit

      there is a definate difference of noise made since the new PS pump but wondering if i should of changed the lines and blew out the PS box ?
       

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